OPEN AIR MUSEUM

IN MEMORY OF VICTIMS OF POLITICAL REPRESSIONS

After a meditative beginning of the sculptural complex, the visitor comes to the next module, which continues to represent historical events. This module represents a household within which a house is built (of a real size) the way it looked before deportation, and in its backyard (households) we placed all the instruments, tools and buildings that characterized the household existence concerns of a peasant family. The house consists of a hall (vestibule) and three rooms (casa mare - the room where guest are received and feasts are held, the bedroom and the kitchen); at the exit, the house has a narrow terrace (porch) with four pillars, which ends in stairways that lead to the yard.

The rooms inside the house exhibit - through objects and things - the nature and the traditional destination of the rooms in the life of a peasant family. Thus, “casa mare” which is traditionally intended for keeping valuable things, for holidays, family celebrations, receiving guests, is decorated with furniture, rugs, wall rugs, embroidered pillows and towels, placed in different areas of the room. Special attention in creating a proper historical aspect of “casa mare” was given to religious objects (icons, crosses, prayer books), which are located in visible places, and embellished with embroidered towels and basil flowers. On the background of traditional Moldovan carpets often woven by housewives, the householders’ portrait from youth is hung in a visible place, and in other places (on windows), the portraits of children and relatives are placed. Both the windows and the windowsills are embellished with embroidered towels, and white curtains are put at the window glass, which are also embellished with embroidered flowers by girls and homemaker, the mother. The dowry for girls (future brides) is also in this room, put on a wide wooden bed of (“sofca”) with a crate inside it, which contains different embroidered towels and clothes. The dowry occupies a well seen place in the exhibition of “casa mare”. This room also featurea a wardrobe where householders and their children kept their festive garb, and in a smaller cupboard the dishes for festive meals are kept (some wardrobes had small mirrors). On religious holidays (Patron Saint, Christmas, Easter), guests were received and served dishes in “casa mare”. To show the art of weaving to visitors, which was practiced by homemakers, there will be rugs on the floor of “casa mare”, and there will be displayed the original tool for weaving (the loom), with a mannequin working at it.

From “casa mare”, through the hall (vestibule), the visitor enters the bedroom (the room for permanent dwelling), which is historically structured by other living components of peasant family. In the bedroom we can find the fireplace and the chimney that were present almost in every house, and not far from the fireplace (lejanca) there is a bed (bench) with a straw or woolen mattress, with blankets and pillows accurately arranged in a corner of the bed. Above the fireplace, where children usually sleep, there are blankets and pillows, and on the floor covered with rugs there are small and big stools along with other household items. The bedroom walls and windows are adorned with basil and a carpet, curtains and various things embroidered by mother and daughters. There are racks at the entrance to the bedroom, on which parents and children’s clothes are hung. Both from the bedroom and from the hall the visitor can enter the kitchen, where next to a small window there is a table for serving meals, covered with an embroidered tablecloth (“musama”), and a small cupboard for dishes, towels and other instruments. For cooking in the kitchen, there is a stove made of stone and clay, with a recess on which aluminum, steel and clay pans are put, and fire wood is prepared near the stove, all these indicating to the visitors about the immediate presence of the householders. It is important to mention that in some houses the kitchen stove was located in the way that allowed the fire from the kitchen stove to heat the bedroom. We exit the house and come to the narrow terrace of the house (veranda), enclosed with a wooden fence of a small height, after which visitors will get to know the households around the house.

The need to form a broader knowledge of householder’s life before deportation imposes the need for a compact placement and correct location of all the exhibits, which will ensure a clear perception of events. Therefore, the outdoors will be systematized based on the needs to use instruments and tools for household activities.

The entire household museum (indoors and outdoors) will provide an opportunity for the visitors to learn about a modest life, in which family members’ daily work was a traditional way “to make a living”, and to be united both in happy and in sad moments of life.


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