IN MEMORY OF VICTIMS OF POLITICAL REPRESSIONS
Throughout the entire history of the communist transgression, it is difficult to differenciate between the ideological executioners’ good or bad actions and behaviors, because virtually all these lead to one thing - mockery of the physical and spiritual dignity of humans. Gulag (the general administration of the forced labor camps) represented the big civilizational horror, unprecedented in the history of human tragedies, since over decades under its (Gulag) spell millions of people of different nationalities were condemned to hard labor, many of them being left forever in the world of eternal ice.
Thus, the Communists had a vast historic territory to experiment with their criminal "inspirations" on human beings.
This module is designed to present (exhibit) the “place of toil”, the “place of dwelling” and the place of punishment of detainees, as well as the worktools and tools for personal use. Within a distance of 6-7 meters from the watchtower there will be located 3 hovels, called in Russian “zemleanca”, because they were deeply dug in the ground and were not large. In most cases, families of deportees were brought to empty (uninhabitable) places and left to struggle to stay alive, lacking even the most basic tools to dig a hovel necessary for a family, often quite large.
In continuation of the historical discourse, museum visitors will be able to see the "shacks" where political detainees would come after each day of hard labor. In these shacks, which will be made bigger and roomier, they will see wooden beds with three levels having the width of a human body between the levels, and each bed will have bags with straw or dry moss or other soft materials littered on them. This mode will also reproduce the geographical and climatic environment in which deportees and political detainees were forced to toil, for the climatic differences between the Kazakh steppes and the Siberian everlasting frosts would differently condition and mark the hostility of all the repressed’s fates.
As the biggest module of the museum complex (as territory and location), it will include exhibits - phony imitations of the “places of toil” of political detainees and deportees, i.e. we will create imitative images of the mines, of the deforestation territories, of the agricultural work. In this reconstructive environment, there will be set panels with photographs representing the NKVD methods to "glorify" labor as an educational means of correcting the detainees (i.e. through Leninist-Stalinist quotations). In parallel with these panels, within a distance of 3-4 meters, there will be other panels picturing the true mockery of the human dignity, such as different methods of punishment for detainees - imprisonment, starvation and torture.
The panels will be installed obliquely, and therefore will be easily accessible to visitors. Visitors will be able to enter all the "architectural” exhibits, including the "coal and uranium mines”, where in the dim light of a lantern for miners they will see the worktools of detainees, and hear the sounds and noises of hammers (audio improvised) and of cars for coal. The impressive effect of the labour of cutting forests will be no less memorable, since imitation of this exhausting labor will have a spatial and panoramic extension due to the three-dimensional construction placed in front of a painted panorama.