OPEN AIR MUSEUM

IN MEMORY OF VICTIMS OF POLITICAL REPRESSIONS

The “principles” of the Bolshevik dementia have reached absurdity when they started to displace entire nations from their homes, among whom Bessarabians suffered from them physically and spiritually, being hunted down according to lists drawn up with the help of local traitors. Being categorized by the same Soviet criminals as kulaks, and due to the little fortune acquired through sweat, the hardworking people and their families were cut off from everything valuable they had, and taken to the railway station. They were loaded on freight trains (cars for transporting cattle) and exiled. Only during the first wave of deportation on 12 to 13 June 1941, 32,423 people were scheduled for deportation. People were brought to railway stations, and separated from their children, mothers, fathers and elder brothers. Embarked and crammed into cattle cars (by 80-100 persons), and left without any basic survival conditions, people were transported to Magadan, Colâma, Ircutsk, Norilsk, as well as the Donbas mines and the desert steppe of Kazakhstan. On the long road of deportation (two to three weeks), in inhuman conditions, primarily died children and the elderly, being affected by starvation, thirst and diseases. Thus, the territories next to railways where the freight trains with deportees passed and where they stopped for a while were crowded with (unburied) corpses of the the deportees.

This freight train car (for cattle) will be set in Module 6 as a symbol of torment and death of the deportees on the long road of exile. Placed within ten meters from the previous module (lime pit), the natural-size car will display inside it and outside it the suffocating state of children, the elderly and women, crowded and crammed all in a very limited space. The inscriptions on both sides of the car presented deportees as Romanian peasants who wanted to build a new life, fleeing from Romanian kulaks. These inscriptions will be reproduced in the form of historical truth on both sides of the car. Sentinels (dummies) will also be placed outside the car, and weary faces of children and elders (dummies) will be seen through the narrow window of the car. Inside the car it will be possible to show thematic films related to all tragic aspects of our fellow citizens during the communist disaster. Visitors will be able to sit in chairs inside the car and watch the ordeal filmed by the Soviets during that period (deportations, arrests, murders). The inside walls of the car will display written testimonies of deportees, about stifling weeks fighting on the edge of survival in death cars.

Another testimony will be a auditive one, since the recorded testimonies of deportees (nowadays) will come as a vivid emotional confession for museum visitors. The inside of the car will also exhibit things and objects the deportees used while travelling to the Stalinist mines.

The historical-conceptual aspect of this module will mark the physical and spiritual rupture from native tradition and culture, from accomplishments through work and family, through hopes and aspirations. The “freight train car" will continue to remain for Bessarabians a ground of sorrowful memories about separations without a definite hope for meeting up again, separations reflected in the tragic folklore of those times.


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